The workaholic is characterized by an excessive, uncontrollable urge to work consistently. This behavior can interfere with our physical and emotional health, as well as our social relationships.
People with work addiction tend to work “without obligation” explicitly or implicitly after hours, dedicating excessive time to their professional work and feeling bad if they do not do it. This fact makes them show disinterest in other facets of their lives as hobbies or personal relationships.
What causes a person to become workaholic?
Once again we are not dealing with a single explanatory cause of the problem but with a combination of the following:
- Excessive ambition for money and power.
- The inability to delegate tasks or not know how to say no to the demands of the boss or colleagues.
- Economic problems and high competitiveness
- Type A personality traits; people involved in different tasks, with high levels of hostility and stress.
- The lack of organization, which allows the accumulation and oversaturation of work.
- The absence of strategies to organize time.
- Family problems that may cause the worker to postpone going home.
- Ignorant management of the challenges leads the worker to get into a spiral of work that he does not know how to get out of.
How to identify if you are addicted to work?
Most studies argue that the characteristics of a workaholic, a person addicted to work, can be grouped into the following categories:
- Compulsive tendencies: they work intensely and have difficulties to relax.
- Need to have excessive control and severe discomfort when you do not get the expected performance, do not control the situation or things are not as he expected.
- Scarce interpersonal relationships with the rest of the classmates.
- Inability to delegate tasks and to work as a team.
- Self-assessment focused on work and not the rest of his life. They are scored according to their working day and the successes or failures achieved in their employment.
How to prevent and treat work addiction?
The best way to prevent addictions is to eliminate the risk factors of them. The workaholism is no exception, so it must be controlled in order to avoid the factors or root causes.
A fundamental aspect of prevention will be to help the workaholic to enjoy his life and not just his work. It is essential to make people aware that the workday is eight hours no matter what happens, and that from that moment you have to rest and spend time for the daily pleasures that each one has.
Being relaxed and without working is not synonymous with not knowing how to enjoy life, as well as being doing your hobbies and not working does not mean that you are an irresponsible vagabond. You have to record this in your memory: there is a time to give and a time to waste time.
When the addiction to work is already a fact, it is essential to carry out a psychological therapy. The psychological treatment that is most effective in addressing this problem is cognitive-behavioral therapy. This type of therapy helps the patient to manage and obtain a higher level of self-control in their work. At the same time, it teaches him how to fill his times outside of his profession by allowing him to enjoy them.