Dental health does not only refer to bright white biting bits, but begins primarily with the gums. Because the gums that surround the teeth not only protect them, they also hold them in place in the bone. Therefore, even perfect teeth could not survive without healthy gums.
Unfortunately, the gums are quite sensitive, and gum decline is one of the most common diseases whose effects can be devastating. Of course, the wear of teeth and gums is unavoidable, but the intensity of the decline depends on many factors and can also affect the general state of health.
Symptoms of Gum Decline
Dentists speak of two different gum diseases, which may have similar consequences: periodontal disease and periodontitis. In contrast to periodontitis, which results from inflammation of the dental bed, the gums retract in a periodontal disease without previous inflammation.
In most cases, this condition will lead to an exposure of the neck of the cervix and cause some other discomfort — one of the first symptoms that many notices are an increased sensitivity of the gums, such as drinking cold drinks or brushing your teeth.
Also, the gums can be swollen and sensitive to pain, and it can cause bleeding when brushing your teeth and the teeth can become loose, separate or visibly longer. Wounds in the mouth, as well as long-lasting bad breath or tooth misalignments, may also indicate a gum decline.
How does receding gums affect your health?
A healthy gum is a first and best help to prevent a collapse of the underlying bone architecture and thus to keep the teeth healthy. The gum itself forms a tight collar around the tooth and protects the roots from bacteria. If too many bacteria, plaque, or leftover food accumulate along the gum line and are not regularly patterned, this area may become inflamed, loosening the collar.
This allows bacteria to penetrate more easily and attack the underlying bones if this is the case so can also other gum diseases, such as gingivitis arise. There is also an association between gum disease and an increased risk of heart disease, possibly due to the increase in inflammation in the body.
Causes of Gum Disease?
Not only genetic predisposition plays an important role here, but also everyday habits can have an adverse effect on dental health and contribute in the long run to gum disease.
Intensive brushing: Of course you should always pay attention to a thorough cleaning of the teeth, but that does not mean that you should press the toothbrushes with all your strength on your teeth. In general, even hard toothbrushes can easily lead to gum injuries. That’s why doctors suggest soft toothbrushes to avoid excessive pressure.
Existing gum disease: Regular checks at the dentist are not only important to prevent tooth decay, but also to keep the gums healthy. In many cases, the decline is due to an existing disease. Good oral hygiene and a strong immune system are the most important weapons in the fight against gum loss – but you can not get along without regular checks. Especially smokers should take this to heart, namely the risk of gum loss increases by nicotine namely twice.
Too much sugar: Food also has a big impact on the health of your teeth. Strongly acidic and sugary foods should, therefore, be better avoided. They can damage the structure of the teeth and irritate the gums. To prevent the risk of excessive plaque, experts recommend reducing the intake of sugar. Sugar should not account for more than 10% of total daily calories, at the same time, one should focus on beneficial foods with antioxidants, fiber, and omega-3 fatty acids.
Tips for Healthy Gums
Prevention is the best way to ensure that gum disease does not even turn up. If it is already too late, this can often require an operation or gum graft. To save yourself that, some habits can easily be incorporated into your daily routine.
Dental floss: Healthy tooth hygiene not only consists of brushing your teeth but also includes the regular use of dental floss – with emphasis on regular. At least once a day leftovers with the help of dental floss should be removed since conventional toothbrushes do not come here really tuned.
Regular Check: Every six months, the teeth and gums should be examined by an expert. If swelling or redness is noticeable, the appointment should be arranged as soon as possible.
Take risks into account: Different lifestyles bring different advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, it is important to know personal risks. For example, smokers should ask their dentist for tips on proper oral hygiene to prevent problems promptly.