First Aid: The 10 Most Common Mistakes | AIB
Who has not resorted to home remedies as first aid? However, not all customs or remedies help us solve the problem. Let’s see what the 10 most common mistakes are and how to act to find true relief to some of the most common ailments.
Some of the home remedies – like applying mud to wasp stings, putting your head between your legs in case of dizziness or using toothpaste for burns, among many others – are not as effective as, over time, we have thought-out. Some of the remedies or home remedies, transmitted from generation to generation, in some cases, would not pass a clinical trial. In other words, they are wrong and do not provide solutions. They are remedies that we apply as first aid.
Errors when giving first aid
We are going to dismantle some of the myths that could be considered the 10 most common mistakes:
- Put the head between the legs in case of dizziness: A position that we adopt for blood to go down to the brain, however, in medical terms, does not help the system responsible for maintaining balance and stability (vestibular system). In the case of dizziness, for a drop in sugar, for example, it is best to lie down, with your legs up so that blood flows to your heart.
- Bicarbonate to soothe stomach pain: Using bicarbonate when heartburn or pain occurs can involve risks, such as imbalancing the body’s water and mineral content (sodium, calcium, potassium …), a risk factor for neuronal and cardiac problems. The bicarbonate, as stressed by specialists, has no analgesic effect, so in case of stomach pain is better to consult the doctor to determine the exact cause and apply the most appropriate treatment.
- Mud for wasp stings: Just what not to do, and for two reasons. In the first place, mud does not have anti-inflammatory or analgesic properties. Secondly, we can cause an infection, since the soil mud can be contaminated with germs (for example, tetanus).
- Lifting the head or plugging the nose with cotton in case of nosebleed: Cotton, as a porous material, can release streaks that adhere to the nose and cause infection. Lifting the head can be very dangerous. When raising the head, the blood is transferred to the mouth and the pharynx, which can facilitate its passage to the respiratory tract and cause choking.
- Apply toothpaste to the burns: The toothpaste is neither an anti-inflammatory nor has scarring effects, so it should not be used for burns. Also, we run the risk of exposing the lesion to an infection.
- Clean wounds directly with alcohol or hydrogen peroxide: The most advisable is to wash the wound with soap and water or with saline, since both alcohol and hydrogen peroxide, applied directly on the wound, can cause a reaction and damage the tissue of the skin. With this, your healing will be slower. After washing, dry with gauze or compress.
- Place an object in the mouth in the event of a seizure: It is one of the most common reactions when acting against an attack of epilepsy. This remedy is used to prevent the person from biting the tongue. Well, according to experts, it is useless, it no longer has an anticonvulsant effect, and it can also cause a choking if, by mistake, it passes into the respiratory tract. In case of the attack of epilepsy, it is necessary to avoid the nearby object that damages the person who suffers it. The most convenient is to lay it on the ground, on its side.
- Use alcohol to relieve a toothache: It does not have anti-inflammatory or analgesic properties, so drinking alcoholic beverages before a toothache is not the remedy. What you need to do is go to the dentist.
- Apply heat to an earache: The heat has the opposite effect to the desired and is that it can promote inflammation to an earache.
- To bandage the foot or the hand before a twist: Careful if we do not know how to place it correctly we can cause greater injuries. Before a twist, you have to know how to position the joint or damaged limb to immobilize it correctly.