Allergy is nothing more than a response of the body’s immune system when it comes into contact with substances called allergens. This allergy is more visible during the spring months since pollens are present at this time of the year, one of the most frequent allergens in the field of allergy. Other agents that give rise to the allergy are insect bites and some drugs and foods.
What are the symptoms of allergies?
At first, allergies do not cause major health complications, although in some cases they can be aggravated, leading to serious health problems such as asthma. Allergic reactions can be mild or severe, and in most cases, the person presents a certain stinging in the eyes together with a small tearing of the same along with an excess of sneezing quite clear.
In the case of the most severe allergies, they can put the life of the person who suffers them in grave danger. They can give rise to some difficulty when it comes to breathing or a somewhat dangerous drop in blood pressure. In this case, it is essential to go quickly to a specialist doctor so that you can treat such a pathological allergy as soon as possible.
Types of allergy
Allergies are classified according to the cause that creates them, the area of the body most affected and another set of factors that may also be involved. This way you can find food allergies that are the body’s responses to the intake of certain foods such as shellfish, nuts or milk.
Another type of allergy is quite common is the pollen that can be found in grasses or olive trees. Allergic rhinitis is another kind of allergy that is quite common and is caused by different particles that move in the air. Rhinitis among other things produces an excess of sneezing and some nasal congestion.
How to diagnose an allergy
The first thing to do when treating a specific allergy is to identify the type of allergen that causes it. Related allergen might consist of the pollen of silver, the hair of a cat or a particular kind of drug. The blood sample can help certify if the person has an allergy or other types of condition.
The skin test is the fastest and most effective way to identify the possible allergens responsible for the allergic process. Once the allergy that has been diagnosed, it is time to start a treatment to reduce the symptoms of the allergy.
One way to handle any allergy is through the intake of antihistamines. It is advisable to take them in a usual way in the allergy season and reduce the possible symptoms of it. The problem with antihistamines is that they usually cause different side effects such as sneezing, itchy eyes or stinging of the skin.
Another quite effective way to alleviate allergy symptoms is through a series of vaccines indicated for it. Most people who get vaccinated experience a fairly significant improvement in allergy after months.
These types of vaccines are indicated for those people who do not get any improvement with medicines and treat allergies caused by insect bites, pollen or dust mites. In any case, it is advisable to go to the doctor before starting treatment on your own.