Have you planned a trip to the Country that saw one of the most enduring ancient civilizations develop, but you do not know what to visit? In the Egyptian territory, you find great treasures in the form of monuments, but also in the people who live there. Ideally, be accompanied, with friends or family, but a good option may be to travel alone and follow your own route.
There are many places to visit in Egypt, the famous country of the pharaohs and one of the most important ancient civilizations in history. Egypt is undoubtedly a trip that marks all travelers and is to see the Pyramids of Egypt and the Sphinx, reach the Temple of Abu Simbel, cruise the Nile, look for the Tomb of Tutankhamun in the Valley of The Kings, crossing the desert or getting lost in the Khalili Bazaar in Cairo are just some of the moments you will never forget.
Regardless of how you choose to go to this beautiful country, there are places in Egypt that you can not miss, so we have made a list of what we believe are, the 10 must-visit places to see in Egypt.
1. The Pyramids of Giza
The Pyramids of Giza is one of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World that is conserved, located less than 20 kilometers from Cairo, the 3 great pyramids with the tombs of the pharaohs Cheops, Khafre and Menkaure, stand out above the rest of the country’s monuments and pyramids.
During its construction around 2500 BC, its exterior was covered with large blocks of limestone forming white stone pyramids in which the sunlight reflected and through which the pharaohs believed they would achieve immortality.
Next to the Pyramids of Egypt is the ever-vigilant Sphinx, with its more than 20 meters high, which together with the pyramids are one of the symbols of the country.
2. Abu Simbel
In Nubia, south of Egypt, there is a place that overshadows the Pyramids of Egypt, Abu Simbel. This archaeological zone stands out for the two temples excavated in rock that the great pharaoh Ramses II ordered to build in the 13th century BC to commemorate a war victory.
These two incredible temples in honor of Pharaoh and his favorite wife, Nefertari, had to move in 1968 to a higher location, as a result of the construction of a dam on the Nile River, making them even more known to the world.
3. The Valley of the Kings
On the west bank of the Nile, 10 kilometers from Luxor, is the Valley of the Kings, one of the most essential places to visit in Egypt. This valley became the cemetery of most pharaohs, as well as queens and princes of the New Kingdom era and is composed of two valleys, East and West or Valley of the Queens, where more than 60 tombs have been found.
Despite the fact that for reasons of security, desecration, and theft of their most valuable objects, the tombs were dug into the limestone of the valley slopes, their entrance being hidden, as they were discovered, they saw that they had all been looted, except for the intact tomb of the child pharaoh, Tutankhamun, who in 1922 was discovered by Howard Carter, a British archaeologist.
4. Temple of Hatshepsut
The Temple of Hatshepsut is unique in Egypt, not only for its design but also for being dedicated to the only female pharaoh, Queen Hatshepsut. Built by the architect Senemut, it has a part excavated in the rock and another external part with three terraces that stand out over the rest of the country’s monuments. The reliefs of the temple explain the history of the queen, although many of their mentions were destroyed by their stepson Tuthmosis III, by revenge to the snatched the reign to him.
Karnak is a set of temples located in Thebes, the region that was for more than 1000 years the capital of ancient Egypt, in which during 2000 years more than 30 pharaohs were competing and building the best temples and statues in honor of the great god Amun. This enclosure, formed in addition to temples by chapels, obelisks, statues and a great sacred lake, is the second most touristic place in the country, behind the pyramids and another of the most essential places to visit in Egypt.
Among all the buildings, the Great Hypostyle Hall stands out, with its huge columns covered with extraordinary reliefs and hieroglyphs, as well as the Avenue of the Sphinxes, which linked the temples of Kanar and Luxor, with ram-headed sphinxes, some of which are still preserved. at the entrance and that is another of the best-known places of this set of temples.
6. Temple of Luxor
Erected as a cult to the god Amon-Ra, the Temple of Luxor is located 2 kilometers from the Temple of Karnak. It is more than 3500 years old and also another best preserved in Egypt and noted for its great facade, the colossi and obelisks, of which one of them is in the center of the Place de la Concorde in Paris.
7. The Step Pyramid of Djoser
The tomb of Pharaoh Djoser is now known as the step pyramid and it is said to have been the prototype of the pyramids of Giza and the remaining Egyptian pyramids. It is a massif of six steps of unequal heights that reaches 60 meters.
8. Temple of Horus
Located on the banks of the Nile, in the city of Edfu, it began to be built under the reign of Ptolemy III in honor of the god Horus. For centuries the temple was buried underground by the desert sand until the French Egyptologist Auguste Mariette discovered it.
This time underground allowed it to be one of the best-preserved temples with statues and magnificent reliefs and being next to the Nile is one of the usual stops of the cruise ships that cross the river.
9. Kom Ombo Temple
The Temple of Kom Ombo, located on the banks of the Nile about 50 kilometers from Aswan, was the second temple on the Nile cruise, after the Temple of Philae. This temple built by Ramses II has the peculiarity of being a double temple, having two symmetrical parts, one in honor of the god Sobek and another to the god Haroeris.
Sobek was a god with the head of a crocodile and a human body, while Horus had a hawk’s head. As a curiosity inside the temple you can see a crocodile mummy and on the outside, you can see reliefs with surgical instruments of the time.
10. The Nile
On the banks of the Nile, the second longest river in the world after the Amazon, and one of the most important places to visit in Egypt. Being in one of the most desert areas of the planet, the river has always been an inexhaustible source of life and resources, transcendental for the birth and growth of Ancient Egypt.