Saturday, August 24, 2019

Engineering Exams in India: Scope, Career, and Future | AIB

Engineering is a term often underestimated by a majority of the Indian Society due to lack of job opportunities and increase in unemployed engineering graduates. But we fail to notice how crucial a role they possess in architecting the current Economic Scenario in India. Approximately 80% of the business sector is directly dependent on Engineering services, transport, equipment’s, capital goods and you name what not. Even though there is a hardwired conviction that Engineering graduates in India will stay unemployed no matter what, the number of candidates opting to engineer as a field of study raises exponentially. Dreams of getting into IIT’s, NIT’s and the other prestigious Institutes has to be dealt by clearing one of the hardest and highly competitive Entrance Exams in India the JEE Mains

JEE stands for Joint Entrance Examination, and its score is the benchmark for admitting students in any of the engineering institutes in India. Over 1 lakh students write this exam hoping to be an engineer one day. This pattern of Increasing demand for engineering seats can be the primary reason for unemployment in India in the Engineering sector as it is still underdeveloped. The demand is exponentially Increasing while the Facilities remain unaltered to the promising changes offered by it.

JEE Main test taker numbers have gone up, and 2018 exam centers have increased drastically as compared to 2017. The number of test centers has gone up to 258 centers (inclusive of centers abroad) in comparison to 113 in 2017. This Indicates the passion of students towards Engineering. The Mode of Exam can be opted either as Pen Paper-based or Online as per the candidate’s requirements. There are two sets of paper, Paper 1 (Engineering) and Paper 2 (Architecture). Paper 1 is of 3 hours’ duration containing 90 objective questions with equal weight to Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics and the maximum marks are 360. Each question is allotted 4 marks for a correct response, and 14 marks will be deducted for Indicating wrong answers. Even though JEE is the most important National Level exam, there are state Level and University Level Engineering Entrance Examinations as well for admitting students in the respective engineering colleges of that particular state. Some of the other famous Engineering Entrance Examinations are LPUSAT, BITSAT, KEAM, COMEDK, UPTU, etc.

Uttar Pradesh with its largest population of class XII pass-outs stands to be the successor state in the race to IITs and NITs. The number of students in IITs, NITs, and IIITs from UP in the academic year 2016-17 is over Four Thousand One hundred and twenty (4120). Such a high competition always forces the non- qualifying candidates from UP to settle for State Level Universities. Candidates from UP also opt to write the Uttar Pradesh State Entrance or UPTU Examination which is also known as UPSEE (Uttar Pradesh State Entrance Exam) conducted for students who want to get into Degree Level Engineering as well as Professional Colleges affiliated to AKTU. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University (AKTU), Uttar Pradesh is the primary authority which monitors the AKTU/UPTU 2018 Entrance exam. Admissions to many UG and PG courses are provided on the merit basis depending on the scores obtained in UPSEE.

The examination of UPSEE will be conducted for 11 papers depending on the type, of course, a candidate opt. Paper-1, 2, 3 will contain 150 questions; Paper-5, 6, 7, 8 will contain 75 questions and Paper-9, 10, 11 and 12 will have total 100 questions each. Paper-4 will have 50 questions each of Mathematics & Aesthetic Sensitivity with a total of 100 questions and 2 questions from Drawing Aptitude. Paper-1, Paper-2, Paper-3, and Paper-4 are the OMR based paper while rest of the papers are Computer Based Tests (CBT). 

The exam is for 3 hours; Candidate will receive 4 marks for each correct answer, no mark (s) will be deducted for any of the wrong response marked by the candidate. The Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics/Biology subjects of paper-1 (B. Tech./B. Tech. Agriculture Engineering) and paper-2 (B. Tech. Bio-Technology) typically comprising the crucial topics of the 11th and 12th standard.

There are around 910 Universities which gives admissions to the candidates based on the UPTU Scores so getting into an Engineering College Shouldn’t be the primary concern of a candidate but to secure admittance in a reputable University should be the key goal that has to be kept in mind. Even when there is less number of opportunities for engineers in India, there are relatively a large number of students securing prominent jobs in the most renowned companies. So every engineering aspirant should keep in their mind that your effort defines your success. Stay curious, learn stuff apart from your syllabus, hone your skills and be industry ready.

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